Unit VIII: The New Nation's Westward Expansion


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5.8 Students trace the colonization, immigration, and settlement patterns of the American people from 1789 to the mid-1800s, with emphasis on the role of economic incentives, effects of the physical and political geography, and transportation systems, in terms of:
1. the waves of immigrants from Europe between 1789 and 1850 and their modes of transportation into the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys and through the Cumberland Gap (e.g., overland wagons, canals, flatboats, steamboats).
2. the states and territories that existed in 1850, their regional locations and
major geographical features (e.g., mountain ranges, principal rivers, dominant plant regions).
3. the explorations of the trans-Mississippi West following the Louisiana Purchase (e.g., draw from maps, biographies and journals of Lewis and Clark, Zebulon
Pike, John Fremont). 4. experiences on the overland trails to the West (e.g., location of the routes, purpose of each journey; the influence of the terrain, rivers, vegetation, and climate; life in the territories at the end of these trails). 5. the continued migration of Mexican settlers into Mexican territories of the West
and Southwest.
6. how and when California, Texas, Oregon and other western lands became part of the U. S., including the significance of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War.

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    Topics and Grades

    Grade: 5

    Topics: History-Social Science