Table of Contents

2.6 Reading for Evidence, Claims, and Argument

image2-6The CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy place great emphasis on understanding the author’s argument, claims, evidence, and reasoning in a text as does the CA Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills as seen by selecting the following link.

CA Historical and Social Sciences Analysis Skills

While this emphasis is woven throughout the CA CCSS for Reading, it is most clearly seen in Standard 1 and Standard 8. Select the links that follow to reveal the relevant grade-level standards for reading in history/social studies.

Reading Standard 1

Reading Standard 8

Reading Like a Historian also provides guiding questions to help students analyze the author’s arguments, claims, and evidence under the strategy of close reading as seen below:

Close reading helps students evaluate sources and analyze rhetoric by asking them:

  • What claims does the author make?
  • What evidence does the author use?
  • What language (words, phrases, images, symbols) does the author use to persuade the document's audience?
  • How does the document's language indicate the author's perspective?

Stanford History Education Group   

Time to Try

Read "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman," by Mary Wollstonecraft. Then use the information to respond to the close reading questions that follow.