Table of Contents

3.8 Expository Writing

The authors of Writing to Read: Evidence for How Writing Can Improve Reading have found that reading and writing are inherently connected (Graham and Herbert, 2010). Used together, they generate ideas, are logically organized, and call upon students to think critically to visit and revisit text to make meaning. Done well, they are both active processes that help students to interact with text to comprehend, remember, and apply learning. Practice in either reading or writing supports and strengthens the other. The National Writing Project has published several articles to address these recommendations in Writing to Read .

This CA CCSS focuses on three types of writing as indicated in the first three Writing Standards for grade 5:

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.1: Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

To meet the expectations of the Writing Standards above and to assess students’ understanding of concepts they are studying, teachers should assign writing tasks. Mrs. Valbuena assigned an informative/explanatory essay, which addressed Writing Standard 2 above as well as Writing Standard 4:

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.4: Produce clear and coherent writing (including multiple-paragraph texts CA) in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

Select the link to reveal the student assignment.

Writing Assignment:

Time to View

After completing their essays, Mrs. Valbuena has the students read their essays aloud to each other. Consider the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy that the students are developing through both the writing and the sharing of their essays.


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For a further discussion on assessment practices see Unit 4.

Time to Reflect

Consider the Writing Standards the instructional practice addressed in the video in answering the following journal questions: