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2.9 Unit Summary

In this unit, you observed instructional activities from a grade 1 classroom in which the students learned to read a history/social science textbook passage closely, discuss and write about the text, illustrate their writing to add meaning, conduct research, and apply their knowledge. Review the summary of key concepts from the unit below:

  • When developing lessons in the content areas, it is important to focus the lesson on addressing the relevant content standards while using the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy to develop students’ literacy skills using close reading, critical thinking, effective speaking, and expository writing activities.
  • Before beginning a reading with students, it is helpful to connect the text to students’ prior knowledge. However, when frontloading information, be cautious not to share too much information that takes away the students’ need to read the text themselves.
  • Providing students with sentence frames supports emerging readers’ abilities to discuss and write about text.
  • Close reading, including re-reading, paraphrasing, summarizing, discussing text, and answering text-dependent questions, helps students develop CCSS skills and knowledge.
  • Collaborative conversations about text and content help students better understand their reading, participate in civil discourse, and meet 21st century competencies.
  • Even early elementary students can learn how to use technology to conduct research and prepare oral presentations.