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2.4 Close Reading of the Text

Close reading practices suggest that students re-read the text several times to gain deep understanding of the material. Paraphrasing and summarizing texts help students demonstrate comprehension of the text by taking the concepts and restating them in their own words. The strategies help students monitor and increase their comprehension and integrate the information into their prior knowledge (Kletzien, 2009).

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Watch the following video to see how Mrs. Kaiser uses a flip book to help students re-read the text and paraphrase the information.


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Paraphrasing and summarizing help students address the following Grade 1 Reading Standard:

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI1.2: Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

Additionally, by grade 4, that standard specifically includes summarization:

CA.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI4.2: Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.