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Key Concepts in Accurate Measurement: Fairness


Test scores are fair when they yield score interpretations that are valid and reliable for all students taking the test. Regardless of race, national origin, gender, or disability, academic tests must measure the same knowledge of content for all students who take the test. Test scores must not systematically underestimate or overestimate the knowledge of students of a particular group” (EC Section 60208).

For the Smarter Balanced assessments, the Bias and Sensitivity Guidelines helps to ensure that the evidence provided by the items means the same thing for various groups of test takers and allows the ECD to work as intended (Educational Testing Service 2010).

For additional information, download the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium: Bias and Sensitivity Guidelines