Table of Contents

Step 1: Deconstructing the Standards

Deconstructing is the process of taking a broad standard and analyzing its components, then breaking the standard into smaller, more explicit instructional learning targets for use in daily teaching and classroom-level assessment.

Steps in the Deconstructing Process:

  1. Identify the action required of the learner.
  2. Identify the content in the standard.


The standard shown below will be used to demonstrate the five-step process of developing instructional learning targets:

Grade 4, Reading Standard 2 for Informational Text
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is
supported by key details; summarize the text.


The following questions are key to the deconstructing process:

Identify the Action: What does the student need to be able to do?
Identify Content:  What does the student need to know?


The graphic below provides an example of the deconstructed Grade 4 standard:

1.      Content Standard Deconstructed: 




the main idea in a text


how it is supported by key details


the text


Select the link to view the Graphic Organizer in progress: Graphic Organizer: Step 1

Time to Extend

View additional examples of deconstructed standards from other grade levels or content areas:
Deconstructed CCSS Examples