Table of Contents

Preparing and Planning for Instruction and Assessment

In this unit, the focus will be on establishing instructional learning goals and targets based on the CA CCSS. This takes place during the preparation phase, as indicated on the Assessing, Teaching, and Learning Cycle graphic:

The first critical question asked by professional learning community teams is most often “What do we want our students to know and be able to do?”

The following information helps to answer that question.

Robert Marzano in his article “Targets, Objectives, Standards: How Do They Fit?” states: “Start with statements of what students should know and be able to do in a single unit of instruction…Any system that organizes statements of what students are expected to know and be able to do enhances student learning because it provides clarity to students and teachers alike” (2013).


Review Marzano’s article: “Targets, Objectives, Standards: How Do They Fit?