Table of Contents

3.2.1 Reading Evidence and Text-Dependent Questions

Guiding students to read closely, draw inferences from text, and cite textual evidence to support conclusions requires well-crafted, text-dependent questions. Text-dependent questions direct students to return to their source(s) to provide evidence for their answers. Well-crafted questions can guide students to address the other reading standards for literacy as well. These may include Standard 2 (determining and summarizing central ideas), Standard 4 (determining meaning of words and phrases), or Standard 6 (analyzing author’s purpose).

Time to Read

The Student Achievement Partners' Web site provides tools to help teachers develop text-dependent questions. Take a few minutes to read the "Complete Guide to Creating Text-Dependent Questions," which outlines how to create well-crafted, text-dependent questions for close, analytical reading

Additionally, citing textual evidence helps prepare students to successfully engage in many of the Writing and Speaking and Listening standards.

Time to View

Watch the following video to see how a teacher guides her students in citing textual evidence directly from a document on child labor. Pay particular attention to how the activities within the lesson also address speaking and listening standards in preparation for writing.

Getting Ready to Write: Citing Textual Evidence External Link

Download transcript

Time to Reflect

After watching the video, answer the following questions in your Journal:



Login required to enable "Save Answers" feature.

Sample responses

Time to Extend

For more information about the importance of evidence in the Reading and Writing Standards, watch the Secondary Literacy Partnership's "An Introduction to Reading and Writing, Common Core Style" Webinar beginning at minute 51:00 which demonstrates how Reading Standard 1 and Writing Standard 1 (writing arguments) both focus on the importance of evidence in reading.