Table of Contents

4.5 Writing Standard 2: Informative/Explanatory Text

This is the CCR Anchor Standard aligned with the Writing Standard 2 for Literacy in H/SS, Science, and Technical Subjects:

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.W.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

Time to Read

Locate your grade level Writing Standard 2 on the chart below or use the one you downloaded previously and read and compare the standard for your grade level with the CCR Anchor Standard above.

Comparing Writing Standards Chart

Writing Standard 2 is focused on developing students’ abilities to write informative and explanatory texts. The students’ emerging writing skills and control over the written word and discipline-specific symbolic systems acquired through engaging in argumentative writing are utilized in informational writing, but for a different purpose of the writing. While arguments are used to make the reader believe something is true or persuade a reader to change their behavior or opinion, explanations start with the assumption of truthfulness and seek to inform or explain to the reader of the why or how. Writing Standard 2 addresses informative writing across the grade bands with an expectation of students’ writing products to demonstrate development of sophistication, maturity, and expansion of objectives. In this type of writing it is critical that the use of language and syntax are in the style and context of the specific technical subject expected by readers in the technical field.

Time to Read

Read the following excerpt from the CCSS for ELA/Literacy in the Technical Subjects, Appendix A and think about the purpose of informational and explanatory writing in your content area.

Informational/explanatory writing conveys information accurately. This kind of writing serves one or more closely related purposes: to increase readers’ knowledge of a subject, to help readers better understand a procedure or process, or to provide readers with an enhanced comprehension of a concept. Informational/explanatory writing addresses matters such as types (What are the different types of poetry?) and components (What are the parts of a motor?); size, function, or behavior (How big is the United States? What is an X-ray used for? How do penguins find food?); how things work (How does the legislative branch of government function?); and why things happen (Why do some authors blend genres?). To produce this kind of writing, students draw from what they already know and from primary and secondary sources.

Time to Reflect

Use your Journal to answer the following questions.


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