Table of Contents

Unit 1: Understanding and Teaching the Common Core Writing Standards

1.3.2 Texts, Genres, and Subgenres in Context

Text Types and Subgenres

Time to Try

For a more detailed look at text types, genres, and subgenres, refer to California's ELD Standards. These standards were developed for English learner students and are fully aligned with the CA CCSS for ELA/Literacy. They provide a clarifying extension to the foundational CCR Anchor Standards by expanding on details regarding purpose, text type, and audience.

Select the hyperlink to California’s ELD standards in the Time2Try box above. On the Web page, open the standards that correspond to your grade level and complete the following steps:

  1. Find the page that begins Section 2: Elaboration on Critical Principles for Developing Language and Cognition in Academic Contexts (usually found on page 3 or 4).
  2. Read the contents of the sidebar section that appears on all of the pages of Section 2 and note the terms that appear there: Purposes, Text Types, and Audiences.

Refer to the links below for a summary of the purposes, text types, and audiences outlined in the ELD standards:


Informational Text Types: Kindergarten through Grade Five (K–5)

Informational Text Types: Grades Six through Twelve (6–12)


Time to Reflect

Take a few minutes to reflect upon how the ELD Standards help to clarify the meaning of the statement, “These broad types of writing include many subgenres."



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Sample responses

Important Takeaway: The broad categories of Common Core writing text types, further clarified by California’s ELD standards, define writing skills that students are expected to learn and teachers are expected to teach. Teachers, grade-level groups, departments, and school and district committees must turn those skills into writing situations and genres and develop the lessons and lesson sequences that will build an all-important writing foundation for college and career readiness.

Time to Extend

Download and print a copy of California's ELD Standards, at your grade level, to ensure that all of your writing lessons meet the needs of your English learner students.