Table of Contents

Unit 1: Examining the CCSS for Reading Literature and Informational Text

1.3 Text Type Examples

Time to Read

To better understand the difference between literary text and informational text, review the following charts.

Range of Text Types Grades 3–12

Literary Texts
Text Types Grades 3-5 Grades 6-12
Stories Includes children's adventure stories, folktales, legends, fables, fantasy, realistic fiction, and myth. Includes the subgenres of adventure stories, historical fiction, mysteries, myths, science fiction, realistic fiction, allegories, parodies, satire, and graphic novels.
Dramas Includes staged dialogue and brief familiar scenes. Includes one-act and multi-act plays, both in written form and on film.
Poetry Includes nursery rhymes and the subgenres of the narrative poem, limerick, and free-verse poem. Includes the subgenres of narrative poems, lyrical poems, free-verse poems, sonnets, odes, ballads, and epics.
Informational Texts
Text Types Grades 3-5 Grades 6-12
Literary Nonfiction and Historical, Scientific, and Technical Texts Includes biographies and autobiographies; books about history, social studies, science, and the arts; technical texts including directions, forms, and information displayed in graphs, charts, or maps; and digital sources on a range of topics. Includes the subgenres of exposition, argument, and functional text in the form of personal essays, speeches, opinion pieces, essays about art or literature, biographies, memoirs, journalism, and historical, scientific, technical, or economic accounts (including digital sources) written for a broad audience.

Source: Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium:  English Language Arts & Literacy Stimulus Specifications p. 8


Time to Try

Identify an example text or a source that you currently use for any of the text types listed below that are relevant for your classroom.



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