Table of Contents

Unit 1: Examining the CCSS for Reading Literature and Informational Text

1.1.6 21st Century Skills for English Learners and Underperforming Students

Time to Read

English learners and underperforming students must have access to informational text to develop the 21st Century Skills of Creativity, Collaboration, Communication, and Critical Thinking they need for college and career success.

The State Board of Education adopted new English Language Development (ELD) Standards in the fall of 2012. “The ELD Standards are designed to correspond with the California Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (the Common Core Standards) and are designed to apply to English language and literacy skills across all academic content areas, in addition to classes specifically designed for English language development.”

Read the ideas in the chart summarized from the CCSS Initiative document “Application of Common Core State Standards for English Language Learners”.

Challenges Possible Solutions
The language and literacy demands of the CCSS are high  Address the full foundation of language skills and English language development needed by English learners
Currently many English Learners are not achieving CELDT proficiency Provide literacy-rich school environments where students are offered a variety of language experiences
The narrowing of the curriculum has resulted in weak content knowledge in social studies and science Develop coursework that prepares English learners for college or career yet is made comprehensible for second language learners
Many English learners have only engaged with simplified texts which offers them no support as to what academic language sounds like or how it works Engage English Learners with a balance of rigorous and scaffolded text.

The CCSS Initiative document “Application to Students with Disabilities” examines the need for these students to be supported in accessing the core curriculum in the classroom. Students with disabilities–students eligible under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)–must be challenged to excel within the general curriculum and be prepared for success in their post-school lives, including college and/or careers. These common standards provide an historic opportunity to improve access to rigorous academic content standards for students with disabilities.”

Read the ideas in the chart summarized from the CCSS Initiative document “Application to Students with Disabilities

Challenges Possible Solutions
Lack of meaningful access to certain standards in both instruction and assessment based on their communication and academic needs. Provide supports and accommodations to ensure that students receive multiple means of learning and opportunities to demonstrate knowledge.
Lack of access to general curriculum Instructional supports for learning? based on the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) which foster student engagement by presenting information in multiple ways and allowing for diverse avenues of action and expression.
Lack of rigorous, standards-based goals on an Individualized Education Plan, IEPs An Individualized Education Program (IEP) which includes annual goals aligned with and chosen to facilitate their attainment of grade-level academic standards.