Table of Contents

Unit 1: Teaching and Learning the Standards for Mathematical Practice

1.1.2 The Standards for Mathematical Practice

As stated on page 6 of the CCSS for Mathematics:

“[The mathematical] practices rest on important “processes and proficiencies” with longstanding importance in mathematics education. The first of these are the NCTM process standards of problem solving, reasoning and proof, communication, representation, and connections. The second are the strands of mathematical proficiency specified in the National Research Council’s report Adding It Up: adaptive reasoning, strategic competence, conceptual understanding…, procedural fluency…, and productive disposition …”

Time to Read

Select the titles to link to the full documents below. Select "Read more…" to dig deeper into the processes and/or proficiencies. Then continue on for more information on the SMP.

The SMP processes are derived from the NCTM process standards outlined in the publication, Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.

There are five process standards for mathematical practice:

Picture of Principles and Standards for School Mathematics

  • Problem Solving
  • Reasoning and Proof
  • Communication
  • Representation
  • Connections

 

Take a few minutes to read more about these five processes

The SMP proficiencies are based on the strands of mathematical proficiency as specified in the National Research Council’s report, Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics.

There are five proficiencies for mathematical practice:

  • Picture of Adding It Up Book Adaptive Reasoning
  • Strategic Competence
  • Conceptual Understanding
  • Procedural Fluency
  • Productive Disposition

 


 

Take a few minutes to read more
about these five proficiencies.