Module 6: Contextualization

context Contextualization is anything a teacher does to help create understanding of language and/or concepts by using materials such as actual objects, pictures, gestures or language etc. Contextualizing instruction for English learners involves active engagement whereby students experience content in a way that creates a higher level of comprehension. By contextualizing instruction, teachers ensure that students are more involved in their learning and are able to access the required content. Here are 3 examples for supporting this strategy:

1. Verbal Amplification- Verbal amplification contextualizes key vocabulary and concepts not by simplifying them but rather by elaborating on, or amplifying them. Additional language is used as a technique to increase comprehensibility.

(Example: Verbal Amplification)

2. Visual Support- The use of visual support is a strategy in which the language used in instruction is made more understandable by the display of photographs or drawings. This allows students to hear the language of English while visuals are shown that connect them to the content. To use this strategy, the teacher builds a collection of visuals related to the vocabulary or unit of instruction. Visuals may be collected from a variety of sources: internet, photos, pictures scanned from books and magazines.

3. Sentence Patterning Chart- The patterning chart is a color-coded chart where students create a sentence by placing words in the appropriate column that corresponds to the correct part of speech. This works well for EL students because of the color coding as well as helping them to classify the words into the appropriate part of speech column.