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California’s Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies & Science and Technical Subjects: Organization and Structure

The Four Strands

Time to Read

Read about how the strands are organized.


Reading Strand (3 Sections)

  • Literature
  • Informational Text
  • Foundational Skills (K–5 only)


Literature and Informational Text

  • Key Ideas and Details
  • Craft and Structure
  • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
  • Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

Foundational Skills (K–5 only)

  • Print Concepts
  • Phonological Awareness
  • Phonics and Word Recognition
  • Fluency


Writing Strand

  • Text Types and Purpose
  • Production and Distribution of Writing
  • Research to Build and Present Knowledge
  • Range of Writing


Speaking and Listening Strand

  • Comprehension and Collaboration
  • Presentation and Knowledge of Ideas


Language Strand

  • Conventions of Standard English
  • Knowledge of Language
  • Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects section includes the strands listed below. The headings are consistent in grades 6–12.


Reading Strand (2 Sections)

  • Literacy in History/Social Studies
  • Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects


Literacy in History/Social Studies and Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects

  • Key Ideas and Details
  • Craft and Structure
  • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
  • Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity


Writing Strand

  • Text Types and Purpose
  • Production and Distribution of Writing
  • Research to Build and Present Knowledge
  • Range of Writing
Time to Try

Locate the California’s Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects document that you downloaded and review each strand in the appropriate section(s) for your grade level.