Shutting Down – This site will be shut down and unavailable after January 26, 2022.


Research Library

Browse through research articles in the research library.

P-16 Council Report Recommendations

Based on research conducted by the Council and other partners involved in this project, the following recommendations have been proposed to address the achievement gap among student subgroups. See the full P-16 Report (PDF) for background and details.

Recommendation 1: Provide High-Quality Pre-kindergarten Programs

  • Access to quality early learning experiences for all students

Recommendation 2: Better Align Educational Systems from Pre-kindergarten to College

  • Unprecedented collaboration between all educational stakeholders

Recommendation 3: Develop Partnerships to Close the Achievement Gap

  • Implementing a consistent approach to a high-quality and inclusive educational program

Recommendation 4: Provide Culturally Relevant Professional Development for All School Personnel

  • Develop a comprehensive culturally, relevant and responsive strategy

Recommendation 5: Conduct a Climate Survey

  • Develop a tool for assessing the “organizational health” of a school

Recommendation 6: Augment Accountability System

  • Provide an immediate measure of progress made by schools and districts in educating all students

Recommendation 7: Model Rigor

  • Define more clearly what constitutes a rigorous curriculum

Recommendation 8: Focus on Academic Rigor

  • Define consistent and ubiquitous academic rigor for future success

Recommendation 9: Improve the Awards System

  • Align recognition programs to address the focus on improving academic achievement for all students

Recommendation 10: Create a Robust Information System

  • Design, develop, and implement a system that collects rich, robust high-quality information to meet the needs of educators and legislative policymakers

Recommendation 11: Provide Professional Development on the Use of Data

  • Design, develop, and implement coherent and relevant professional development in the areas of data collection, analysis and interpretation

Recommendation 12: Share Successful Practices

  • Collect and disseminate a high-quality, comprehensive body of knowledge, expertise, resources, and research on effective and successful practices

Recommendation 13: Fully Implement the California K-12 High-Speed Network

  • Fully fund the High-Speed Network to ensure that school, districts, and county offices of education have access to the technology needed to assist students

Recommendation 14: Create Opportunities for School District Flexibility

  • Provide flexibility in the use of educational funds to target academic improvement and professional development

In the Spotlight

Empowering Effective Teachers

This first (of three) brief focuses on the identification of site readiness to determine how to use measures of teacher effectiveness —the conditions that support effective implementation.

Gauging the Gaps

Using state-level NAEP data, this brief illustrates the pitfalls in one-dimensional appraisals of achievement gaps. Analyzing the gaps from four perspectives is essential to gain a comprehensive, accurate picture of equity.

Fighting for Quality and Equality, Too

Highly effective teachers strongly and positively influence how well their students learn, and ineffective teachers have a devastating impact on student achievement. This publication details ten steps state policymakers and school district leaders can take now that hold the promise to make a difference in teacher quality and equity.

Boundary Crossing for Diversity, Equity and Achievement

School district boundaries shape children’s educational opportunities in countless ways. Living on one side of a district boundary line or the other can dictate whether a student has access to challenging curriculum, well-prepared teachers, decent facilities, high expectations, non-poor peers, and a wealth of other tangible and intangible factors that influence learning. This comprehensive study of the nation’s eight remaining inter-district school desegregation programs has found a closing of achievement gaps for participating students.

Educating English Language Learners at the High School Level: A Coherent Approach to District- and School-Level Support

Conclusions from a 5-year evaluation of the educational environment for ELLs in California .