How you could use the Reading Like a Historian strategies to help students understand the historical document and address the Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies?
While we could use all of the Reading Like a Historian strategies to analyze McKinely's quote, sourcing, contextualizing, and closely reading would be most helpful. Sourcing the document will help students see that as the president, he was the one in charge of making the decision and would help them recognize his perspective. By contextualizing the document, the students would see that the quote was a year after the fighting ended, which would help them see that McKinley was justifying his actions. We would closely read to break apart McKinley's argument for why he annexed the Philippines. Students would provide evidence from the text to demonstrate that they understood McKinley's argument and his perspective, thus addressing the Reading Standards.