1. All teachers should provide explicit instruction and supportive practice in effective comprehension strategies throughout the school day.
    1. Teacher-led think-alouds can be used during close reading instruction to model comprehension strategies and guide discussions for students to become aware of their cognitive processes for understanding text. The Readingrockets Web site offers a description and examples of the think-aloud strategy. Think-alouds are also known as metacognitive conversations where a teacher models an activity while verbalizing her thinking in order help students think about their thinking before, during, and after reading text. Think-alouds help students become consciously aware of their mental activity. They help make invisible cognitive activities visible. Use this Metacognitive Conversation handout to guide students in this process.