Sample Responses

Users Purpose/Use
 
Kind of data/information
Federal: e.g. United States Department of Education, federal legislators, national advocacy organizations, news media
 
Guide policy, fiscal decisions; hold states accountable for results; document achievement/growth; evaluate effectiveness of programs; compare U.S. to other countries. National and statewide disaggregated data achievement data; focused primarily on ELA and mathematics
State: e.g., State Board of Education, state legislators, California Department of Education (CDE), advocacy organizations Guide policy/fiscal decisions; hold CDE, districts and schools accountable for results; document achievement/growth; system for rewards and sanctions; evaluate effectiveness of programs/materials; make district to district and school to school comparisons.
 
Statewide, district and school level achievement data; disaggregated achievement data; emphasis on ELA and mathematics but includes other content areas
Local school districts: e.g., boards of education, district administrators Guide policy/fiscal decisions; hold district administrators and schools accountable for results; document achievement/growth; personnel decision-making; evaluate effectiveness of programs, materials; compare district to other districts and schools to other schools. District, school, and grade level/department level achievement data; disaggregated achievement data; generally an emphasis on ELA and mathematics
School sites: e.g., administrators, coaches, and instructional support providers Guide policy/fiscal decisions; hold instructional staff accountable for results; document achievement/growth; personnel decision-making; identify need for professional development/targeted teacher support; certify student competence; promote/graduate; group/program students; evaluate effectiveness of programs/materials; compare school to other schools. School, grade level/department and classroom level achievement data; disaggregated achievement data; individual student level achievement data; standard level achievement data
Teachers Guide instructional decision-making; diagnose individual and group student learning needs; document/track student progress; identify need for additional support/intervention; communicate with students and parents; grades; promotion; grouping; evaluate effectiveness of materials and strategies/techniques. Classroom level and grade level/department level achievement data; individual student and group performance achievement data; achievement data from all content areas; data over time
Students Guide learning activity; track learning progress; goal setting and self-evaluation/reflection; evaluate effectiveness of learning tactics. Individual performance data; descriptive feedback; performance data from all content areas; performance data over time
Parents/Families Track learning progress; guide support of learning; evaluate effectiveness of learning experience at the district, school and classroom levels. Individual performance data; descriptive feedback; performance data from all content areas; performance data over time
Community: e.g., voters, local news media Influence policy/fiscal decisions; hold school board and district accountable for results; document achievement/growth; evaluate effectiveness of district, schools, and services. District and school level achievement data; disaggregated achievement data